What is CBD?

What is CBD?

Cannabis is a plant that originates from the hemp Cannabissativa (also called cannabis), one of the oldest plants domesticated by man and cultivated for its fibers and seeds in the fields of food, cosmetics, construction or energy.

Among the elements composing the cannabis plant are amino acids, proteins (albumin), sugars, many other families of substances and mainly cannabinoids. Cannabinoids are the basis of the action of cannabis on the body, whether for medical or recreational use.  To date, about 75 types of cannabinoids have been identified.

Most of them, based on their basic chemical structure, fall into ten major groups, of which the five main ones are: cannabigerol (CBG), cannabichrome (CBC), cannabidiol (CBD), delta-9-THC (THC) and cannabinol (CBN)
The two main active cannabinoids present in cannabis, mainly at the base of the effects are tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and Cannabidiol (CBD).

They are more or less concentrated depending on the type of hemp. THC is responsible for the so-called “high” psychoactive effects. THC gives cannabis the status of a narcotic, whereas CBD has no psychoactive effects, but rather a relaxing, soothing effect.

CBD or “cannabidiol” has been discovered and widely studied since 1963. It is one of the main molecules present in cannabis that provides the broadest spectrum of benefits. In addition to its relaxing properties, it acts and responds positively to a wide variety of symptoms, does not alter perception or consciousness, and does not cause any kind of addiction, which makes its use safe and without risk.
Some parts of the plant, where the majority of the cannabinoids are concentrated, can be consumed, either ingested or inhaled in different ways and in different forms such as: flowers, oils, powders and other derived products.

The benefits: body and mind

Presented in different forms, CBD does not have an amazing effect on the consumer. By its relaxing action, it is used as a therapeutic cannabinoid with multiple virtues. Since the first studies in the 60s, its benefits on the mind and body have been confirmed. According to the traditional pharmacopoeia, it could treat many symptoms: anxiety, stress, nausea, convulsions, inflammations, arthrosis and rheumatoid arthritis, schizophrenia, dystonia, diabetes, sleep disorders, cramps and pain. In addition, researchers discovered in the late 90s that it could slow the growth of cancer cells, slow the aging of the skin and reduce the degeneration of neurons, an action useful in research on Alzheimer’s disease. Its concentration in vitamins, minerals and omegas makes it an appreciated food supplement. It is also an ally after sport, notably for its analgesic and relaxing virtues.

Benefits: cosmetic

The cosmetic industry has been using hemp seeds since the beginning of the 1990s and extracts its oil by cold pressing. Very popular, CBD-based cosmetics are made of 100% natural ingredients and do not contain THC. Rich in vitamins A&E, omega 3&6 and essential fatty acids, CBD is known for its moisturizing, nourishing, soothing and anti-inflammatory properties. Thanks to its local action, it is the perfect ally of the skins and the muscles allowing to relieve the chronic cutaneous affections (desquamation, eczema, rosacea, psoriasis), to decongest and to alleviate muscular tensions. The molecule also acts on blackheads, clogged pores and acne (dryness, scars, itching) by regulating sebum production. CBD is suitable for all skin types, even the most sensitive. It is used in the production of many products such as soaps, creams, body care, massage oils, shampoos and hair conditioners for its smoothing, strengthening and softening effect.

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